There is currently no medicine or treatment that can cure this rare disease.
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that attacks the brain and spinal cord. If immune cells are to function to protect the body from germs, in the case of autoimmune cells, the immune cells attack and damage the cells of the body.
In normal humans, when there are germs, the white blood cells will resist them immediately. But what happens to people with multiple sclerosis, white blood cells are too active and attack the nerve cells.
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis
A number of symptoms that may indicate that someone is a carrier of MS include fatigue, impaired vision, balance problems, so that sometimes walking problems, easily numb or cramped, and problems with walking. reflection.
"More than 50% of the visually impaired have blurred vision, disappeared, unbalanced and worsened by the heat.Patients do not like the heat, the shower is too hot, the view likes to be diminished," said Dr. Riwanti Estiasari . , SpS (K), a neorologist from the Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, was reported by Antara.
Autoimmune multiple sclerosis destroys myelin, a fatty substance that lines and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. As a result, nerve conduction is disrupted. Myelin may be analogous to the insulating layer of the electrical cable. When the protector or myelin insulator is damaged, the nerve fibers are exposed and the electricity is blocked. Finally, the nerves assimilated to thin electrical cables can also be damaged.
Because of the damage to myelin, 33% of people with multiple sclerosis complain of symptoms such as diplopia, an eye disorder consisting of seeing multiple objects.
Almost 70% complain of excessive fatigue and 30 to 50% feel pain in some parts of the body. In addition, people with multiple sclerosis may have other symptoms such as balance problems (easy fall), tingling, movement of bones (extremities) disturbed and unable to withstand hot air.
Causes of multiple sclerosis
Lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, also contribute to the risk of exposure to multiple sclerosis. The substances in cigarettes affect the immune system. In fact, passive smokers may be at higher risk of multiple sclerosis than active smokers. People with multiple sclerosis who stop smoking end up having a relapse later than when they smoke.
Meanwhile, obesity makes the body deficient in vitamin D, in addition to making the immune system too active and causing inflammation. Vitamin D plays a role in regulating the immune response by reducing the production of proinflammatory cytokines and increasing the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines.
These factors indirectly explain the reason for multiple sclerosis that further attacks the Caucasoid race. The sun exposure in their region is lower than that of the tropical countries of the equator.
Genetic factors affect 1.5% of parents' children and only 2.5 to 5% of distant parents. At the same time, the risk of developing multiple sclerosis in the patient's siblings is 2.7%.
Prevention of multiple sclerosis
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis or an immune system disorder - a situation when the body's immune cells attack the body's organs, you can reduce it, one of them by guaranteeing a sufficient intake of vitamin D.
"After studying multiple sclerosis, the level of vitamin D in the body is lower than normal," said Dr. Riwanti Estiasari.